Centos7 安装 rclone 并挂载 OneDrive

RCLONE 是一个可以给 VPS 挂载 Onedrive/Google Drive 等国外主流网盘以及 FTP /WEBDAV等文件存储的强大软件。

Centos7 安装 rclone 首先需要安装依赖

        

#安装依赖

yum install fuse -y

#安装主程序

curl https://rclone.org/install.sh | sudo bash

1. 需要先在本地 Windows 获得 OneDrive 授权认证

下载 https://downloads.rclone.org/rclone-current-windows-amd64.zip

将解压后得到的 rclone.exe 移动到 C:Windows\System32

打开 CMD 运行输入 rclone authorize “onedrive”         (PS:部分系统提示rclone命令无效的,可以输入 ./rclone authorize “onedrive” )

此时浏览器会弹出 OneDrive 授权页面,授权完成后将得到下方的一串 token,保存好,备用。(PS:从{“access-XXXX,expiry:”0000”}全部复制,包括大括号)

57 - Centos7 安装 rclone 并挂载 OneDrive

2. 返回 Centos7 初始化 rclone

执行 rclone config 配置 OneDrive

rclone config
2021/01/10 01:36:44 NOTICE: Config file "/root/.config/rclone/rclone.conf" not found - using defaults
No remotes found - make a new one
n) New remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
n/s/q> n #输入N新建配置
name> OneDrive #自定义配置名
Type of storage to configure.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
Choose a number from below, or type in your own value
1 / 1Fichier
\ "fichier"
2 / Alias for an existing remote
\ "alias"
3 / Amazon Drive
\ "amazon cloud drive"
4 / Amazon S3 Compliant Storage Provider (AWS, Alibaba, Ceph, Digital Ocean, Dreamhost, IBM COS, Minio, etc)
\ "s3"
5 / Backblaze B2
\ "b2"
6 / Box
\ "box"
7 / Cache a remote
\ "cache"
8 / Citrix Sharefile
\ "sharefile"
9 / Dropbox
\ "dropbox"
10 / Encrypt/Decrypt a remote
\ "crypt"
11 / FTP Connection
\ "ftp"
12 / Google Cloud Storage (this is not Google Drive)
\ "google cloud storage"
13 / Google Drive
\ "drive"
14 / Google Photos
\ "google photos"
15 / Hubic
\ "hubic"
16 / In memory object storage system.
\ "memory"
17 / JottaCloud
\ "jottacloud"
18 / Koofr
\ "koofr"
19 / Local Disk
\ "local"
20 / Mail.ru Cloud
\ "mailru"
21 / Mega
\ "mega"
22 / Microsoft Azure Blob Storage
\ "azureblob"
23 / Microsoft OneDrive
\ "onedrive"
24 / OpenDrive
\ "opendrive"
25 / Openstack Swift (Rackspace Cloud Files, Memset Memstore, OVH)
\ "swift"
26 / Pcloud
\ "pcloud"
27 / Put.io
\ "putio"
28 / QingCloud Object Storage
\ "qingstor"
29 / SSH/SFTP Connection
\ "sftp"
30 / Sugarsync
\ "sugarsync"
31 / Transparently chunk/split large files
\ "chunker"
32 / Union merges the contents of several remotes
\ "union"
33 / Webdav
\ "webdav"
34 / Yandex Disk
\ "yandex"
35 / http Connection
\ "http"
36 / premiumize.me
\ "premiumizeme"
Storage> 23 #输入23选定网盘提供商OneDrive
** See help for onedrive backend at: https://rclone.org/onedrive/ **
Microsoft App Client Id
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_id> #默认回车
Microsoft App Client Secret
Leave blank normally.
Enter a string value. Press Enter for the default ("").
client_secret> #默认回车
Edit advanced config? (y/n)
y) Yes
n) No (default)
y/n> #默认回车
Remote config
Use auto config?
* Say Y if not sure
* Say N if you are working on a remote or headless machine
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n> n #输入N开始配置OneDrive
For this to work, you will need rclone available on a machine that has a web browser available.
Execute the following on your machine (same rclone version recommended) :
rclone authorize "onedrive"
Then paste the result below:
result> {"access_token":"xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"} #将前面在Windows下获取的token粘贴进来
Choose a number from below, or type in an existing value
1 / OneDrive Personal or Business
\ "onedrive"
2 / Root Sharepoint site
\ "sharepoint"
3 / Type in driveID
\ "driveid"
4 / Type in SiteID
\ "siteid"
5 / Search a Sharepoint site
\ "search"
Your choice> 1 #这里选择1个人
Found 1 drives, please select the one you want to use:
0: OneDrive (business) id=xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Chose drive to use:> 0 #选择发现的OneDrive drives
Found drive 'root' of type 'business', URL: https://ofmeio-my.sharepoint.com/personal/test_e3_notpdpton_cn/Documents
Is that okay?
y) Yes (default)
n) No
y/n> #默认回车
--------------------
[OneDrive]
type = onedrive
token = {"access_token":"xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx"}
drive_id = xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
drive_type = business
--------------------
y) Yes this is OK (default)
e) Edit this remote
d) Delete this remote
y/e/d> #信息核对正确回车确认即可
Current remotes:
Name                 Type
====                 ====
OneDrive             onedrive
e) Edit existing remote
n) New remote
d) Delete remote
r) Rename remote
c) Copy remote
s) Set configuration password
q) Quit config
e/n/d/r/c/s/q> q #退出配置程序

此时 rclone 初始化配置已经完成

按格式修改命令,挂载到本地目录

mkdir -p /www/OneDrive   #新建需要挂载的目录
rclone mount 服务名:/远程路径 /本地路径 --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000
例如:rclone mount OneDrive: /www/OneDrive --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000

不填远程路径,默认根目录

回车后 SSH 会停留在当前命令,只要不报错就基本上算是成功了。

新建 SSH,输入 df -h 可以查看已经挂载到本地,只要有OneDrive目录,就是正常的,有些会显示大小不正常,但好像不影响使用,具体原因不知道。

4. 配置 rclone 开机自启并挂载 OneDrive

由于 rclone 仅能在前台运行,SSH 断掉就失效

我们需要一个开机自启的脚本保持人clone持续运行

输入 vi rclone 创建

#!/bin/bash
PATH=/bin:/sbin:/usr/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/local/bin:/usr/local/sbin:~/bin
export PATH
NAME_BIN="rclone"
### BEGIN INIT INFO
# Provides:          rclone
# Required-Start:    $all
# Required-Stop:     $all
# Default-Start:     2 3 4 5
# Default-Stop:      0 1 6
# Short-Description: Start rclone at boot time
# Description:       Enable rclone by daemon.
### END INIT INFO
NAME="OneDrive" #rclone 服务名
REMOTE='Download' #远程目录,OneDrive 网盘里的挂载的一个文件夹,填 / 就是根目录
LOCAL='/mnt/drive-test' #本地路径
Green_font_prefix="\033[32m" && Red_font_prefix="\033[31m" && Green_background_prefix="\033[42;37m" && Red_background_prefix="\033[41;37m" && Font_color_suffix="\033[0m"
Info="${Green_font_prefix}[信息]${Font_color_suffix}"
Error="${Red_font_prefix}[错误]${Font_color_suffix}"
RETVAL=0
check_running(){
PID="$(ps -C $NAME_BIN -o pid= |head -n1 |grep -o '[0-9]\{1,\}')"
if [[ ! -z ${PID} ]]; then
return 0
else
return 1
fi
}
do_start(){
check_running
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN (PID ${PID}) 正在运行..." && exit 0
else
fusermount -zuq $LOCAL >/dev/null 2>&1
mkdir -p $LOCAL
sudo /usr/bin/rclone mount $NAME:$REMOTE $LOCAL --copy-links --no-gzip-encoding --no-check-certificate --allow-other --allow-non-empty --umask 000 >/dev/null 2>&1 &
sleep 2s
check_running
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 启动成功 !"
else
echo -e "${Error} $NAME_BIN 启动失败 !"
fi
fi
}
do_stop(){
check_running
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
kill -9 ${PID}
RETVAL=$?
if [[ $RETVAL -eq 0 ]]; then
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 停止成功 !"
else
echo -e "${Error} $NAME_BIN 停止失败 !"
fi
else
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 未运行"
RETVAL=1
fi
fusermount -zuq $LOCAL >/dev/null 2>&1
}
do_status(){
check_running
if [[ $? -eq 0 ]]; then
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN (PID $(echo ${PID})) 正在运行..."
else
echo -e "${Info} $NAME_BIN 未运行 !"
RETVAL=1
fi
}
do_restart(){
do_stop
do_start
}
case "$1" in
start|stop|restart|status)
do_$1
;;
*)
echo "使用方法: $0 { start | stop | restart | status }"
RETVAL=1
;;
esac
exit $RETVAL

此脚本出自 https://raw.githubusercontent.com/x91270/Centos/master/rcloned

使用时候先改好里面的变量

NAME="OneDrive" #rclone 服务名
REMOTE='Download' #远程目录,OneDrive 网盘里的挂载的一个文件夹,填 / 就是根目录
LOCAL='/mnt/drive-test' #本地路径

设置自启动

mv rclone /etc/init.d/rclone
chmod +x /etc/init.d/rclone
chkconfig rclone on
bash /etc/init.d/rclone start

至此,已经全部结束。

附几个其他命令:

卸载挂载目录

#卸载
umount /mnt/drive-test

启动与停止自启脚本命令

bash /etc/init.d/rclone start
bash /etc/init.d/rclone stop